October 1982 The Spanish Socialist Workers Party (PSOE Partida Socialista Obrero Espanol) wins an absolute majority in both houses of Congress. The party will hold a majority for the next 13 years. Spain joins both the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the European Community under rule of Felipe Gonzales and his party.
March 1996 Elections are held and the right-leaning Popular Party (PP Partido Popular) lead by Jose Maria Aznar, wins the majority of votes. Aznar becomes the new prime minister.
February 1997 A Supreme Court justice, Rafael Martinez Emperador, is gunned down in Madrid. The government blames the separatist group Basque Fatherland and Freedom (ETA Euskadi Ta Askatasuna) for the attack. Emperador served on courts that had jurisdiction over labor issues.
February 1998 Former Chief of the Spanish Civil Guard in the Socialist government of Felipe Gonzalez, Luis Roldan, is sentenced to 28 years in prison for embezzlement, fraud and tax evasion of about 60,000 euros (US$85,065) each month during his period in office. His sentence is later reduced to 20 years. Roldan flees the country after the corruption scandal first breaks out in May 1994. He is caught in Laos 10 months later and brought back to Spain. Roldan's easy escape forces the Interior minister, Antonio Asuncion, to resign.
July 1998 Divided Supreme Court panel sentences former Interior Minister Jose Barrionuevo and his director of State Security, Rafael Vera, to 10 years in prison after finding them guilty of kidnapping a Frenchman they mistook for a Basque terrorist from his home across border in France.
January 1999 10 European Union countries, including Spain, make the transition to the new Euro monetary system. The euro will become the national currency of EU countries after being used in financial markets for three years.
March 1999 Seven members of Spain's secret police (CESID Spanish Dirección General de Policia) are put on trial for illegally tapping mobile phones of public officials and private citizens between 1984 and 1990. The two principal defendants are former director of CESID, Emilio Alonso Manglano, and former chief of Operations, Col. Juan Alberto Perote. Ministers, congressmen, businessmen, journalists, and the king are among those whose phones were tapped
November 1999 ETA ends the cease-fire which it had announced in September 1998.
March 2000 Aznar and his conservative People's Party (PP Partido Popular) are re-elected obtaining absolute majority in both houses of Parliament.
2000 Mario 'The Shark' Conde, former chairman of Banesto bank, is sentenced to serve 10 years in prison for embezzlement and fraud of about 3.6 billion euros (US$5.1 billion) in 1993.
May 2000 Political columnist José Luis López de la Calle, a regular contributor to the Basque edition of the Madrid-based daily El Mundo, is murdered in front of his home. He was known for his criticism of ETA's violent activities.
September 2001 The main shareholder of the Gescartera brokerage house, Antonio Camacho, is jailed in 2001 after 108 million euros (US$153 million) of his clients' funds are used by Camacho to pay for gifts and jobs for staff at the Spanish stock market regulator. He serves three years.
January 2002 The Euro becomes Spain's and other 15 EU countries' national currency.
May 2002 Spain's Supreme Court bars Jesus Gil, the mayor of the city of Marbella since 1991, from holding any public office for 28 years. He is accused of diverting more than 270,000 euros (US$382,792) in public funds to Atlético de Madrid, a football club which he managed. Jesus Gil resigns from his post shortly after the Supreme Court's order.
March 2003 The Supreme Court approves the government's request to ban the Basque separatist party Batasuna from politics. Batasuna is the political arm of ETA.
September 2003 José Maria Aznar steps down as leader of the Popular Party, and declares that he will not stand for re-election. Mariano Rajoy becomes the new leader of the Popular Party.
February 2003 Police suspect that the daily Basque-language newspaper Egunkaria is aiding the separatist group ETA and arrest its editor-in-chief and 10 other executives. A National Court judge orders the precautionary closure of the paper.
March 2004 A terrorist attack on Madrid rail lines kills 191 people and wounds over 1,400. The trial against 29 people for their alleged participation in the attacks begins in February 2007.
March 2004 National elections are held. Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero, the leader of the Socialist Workers Party (PSOE Partido Socialista Obrero Español) replaces Jose Maria Aznar as prime minister.
April 2004 Prime Minister Zapatero orders the withdrawal of Spain's 1,300 troops from Iraq.
October 2004 The Former Secretary of State for Security under the Felipe González Socialist Government, Rafael Vera, is sentenced to seven years in prison for misusing the government's special reserve funds in the government's so-called "dirty war" against ETA.
January 2005 The High Court of Justice of Catalonia sentences Luis Pascual Estevill, a former judge in Barcelona, to nine years in prison and a fine of 1.8 million euros (US$2.5 million). A former Catalan lawyer, Joan Piqué Vidal, is also sentenced to seven years imprisonment and fined. They are found guilty of abusing their positions by demanding kickbacks from businesses involved in lawsuits during the period 1990-1994.
February 2005 Spain holds a referendum on the EU Constitution, which is approved by a majority of voters.
March 2005 The successor of Jesús Gil as the Mayor of Marbella, Julián Muñoz, is sentenced to six months in prison and barred from holding public office for eight years by a court in Malaga because of allowing construction of an illegal building in Banana Beach, an area of Marbella.
March 2005 Spain's national police force launch "Operation White Whale" to end the laundering of profits made from drug trafficking. The investigating magistrate allows phone tapping of some of the suspects. During the tapping, the police inspectors discover other cases of money laundering relating to the Marbella City Council.
March 2006 About 150 police officers begin searches of Marbella City Hall and other municipal offices. They also search the home of Marbella Mayor Marisol Yagüe. More than 1,000 bank accounts are frozen and valuables such as paintings by Salvador Dalí and Pablo Picasso and luxury cars are seized. The investigation is named "Operation Malaya".
March 2006 As part of Operation Malaya, the police arrest 21 individuals including Marbella Mayor Marisol Yagüe and her Deputy Isabel García Marco. They are accused of money laundering, property development offences, rigging of public tenders, and of accepting bribes. In September 2006, the former mayor and her deputy are released from custody on a 60,000 euros (US$85,065) bail.
March 2006 Citizens group of Marbella, supported by main political parties, organize a large demonstration to show their displeasure with the recent scandals in the Marbella city council. The motto of the demonstrations is 'For Our Dignity Against Corruption'.
March 2006 ETA declares a permanent cease-fire. The cease-fire proved short-lived, however, with an attack in a parking lot at Madrid Barajas airport in December of that same year.
June 2006 The region of Catalonia in the east of the country achieves greater autonomy after a referendum is held by the central government. The Catalans are accepted as a nation within the country, and the regional parliament receives additional autonomy in taxation and judicial issues.
2006 The former chief of Marbella's police, Rafael Del Pozo, and Tomás Reñones, the city's second deputy mayor, are arrested in relation to the ongoing investigations in the Marbella City Hall.
December 2006 The former chief of police of Marbella, who is accused of illegally selling over 400 stolen vehicles at an auction, is arrested.