June 1995 Crown Prince Hamad bin Khalifah deposes his father, Sheikh Khalifah bin Hamad al-Thani, to become emir while his father is vacationing in Switzerland.
February 1996 The new emir survives an attempted coup.
November 1996 Twenty four-hour satellite television news channel Al-Jazeera launches in Qatar. The network raises Qatar's international profile.
June 1998 Religious scholar Abdul-Rahman al-Nuaimi is detained for criticizing government policies on alcohol and women's suffrage.
March 1999 The emir grants women the right to vote.
May 1999 Elections are held for a 29-member municipal council. These are the first elections in which Qatari women are allowed to vote and run for office.
September 1999 A former minister, Ali Saeed Al-Khayareen, is accused of murdering his two half-sisters. The honor killing case results in a short jail sentence.
February 2000 The BBC reports, the Qatari emir's cousin and 32 others are sentenced to life in prison for planning the 1996 attempted coup. The trials appear to meet no reasonable standard of due process.
June 2001 The International Court of Justice issues a ruling settling land disputes between Bahrain and Qatar over the Hawar Islands.
March 2003 The U.S. Central Command base in Qatar serves as the nerve center in the U.S.-led invasion in Iraq.
April 2003 Citizens approve a new constitution by public referendum. The constitution provides for a new 45-member Advisory Council (the Al-Shoura Council) to assume the legislative authority, approve Government policy and budget, and exercise control over the executive authority. The public is to elect two-thirds of the council members by general, direct secret ballot while the emir appoints the rest. The constitution also provides for freedom of worship.
May 2003 The emir appoints Sheikha bint Ahmed Al Mahmoud as minister of education. She becomes the first female minister in Qatar.
April 2003 Municipal council elections are held for the second time. One female candidate is elected to the council.
June 2003 The emir creates the State Security Agency, an independent body answerable directly to him, which consolidates the General Intelligence Agency and the State Intelligence Security Unit.
August 2003 The emir's oldest son Prince Jassim declares he has no desire to be king and steps down in favor of his brother, the emir's younger son Prince Tamim, who replaces Jassim as crown prince.
February 2004 Former Chechen president Zelimkhan Yanderbiyev is killed in an explosion in Doha, where he had been living. Two Russian agents are sentenced to life in prison for the killing. Relations with Russia deteriorate. The agents are extradited to Russia in late 2004.
November 2004 Qatar and other member countries establish the Middle East and North Africa Financial Action Task Force to combat money laundering and terrorist financing.
April 2005 Three government officials were dismissed from office following an investigation into stock purchases they made under false Qatari aliases. The three officials used loans to buy US$500 million worth of Qatar Gas Transport Company stock.
June 2005 Qatar's first documented constitution is put into law and provides some democratic reforms.
July 2005 A human rights department is established under the Ministry of the Interior in response to the virulence of human trafficking operations in the nation, many of which smuggle underage horse and camel race jockeys.
January 2006 Qatar joins the United Nations Security Council for a two-year term.
January 2006 Qatar's first workers union is legally established. Foreign workers continue to be banned from creating unions.
April 2006 New regulations set by the Ministry of Civil Service Affairs and Housing increase the level of government oversight over civil society organizations' registration process with greater restrictions on CSO membership and activities.
November 2006 Al-Jazeera launches its sister network. The news network is touted as the first English-language channel based in the Middle East and is available to viewers via satellite and cable.
2007 Parliamentary elections scheduled for this year are postponed again.
March 2007 The National Human Rights Committee issues a report calling for changes to labor laws, especially concerning protections for foreign workers.
April 2007 General elections are held for the Central Municipal Council. With a 51 percent turn-out rate, 29 members are elected from list of 125.
October 2007 The government bans media coverage from inside courtrooms, limiting the capacity of journalists to monitor judicial corruption.
March 2008 David Marash, American news anchor for Al-Jazeera English news, quits due to increased pressure and censorship from headquarters in Doha.
October 2008 Qatar forms an alliance with Iran and Russia as a forerunner to the formation of an organization for gas-producing nations.
June 2009 The Qatar Exchange is founded and operationalized under the partnership of the New York Stock Exchange's Euronext program. The new exchange replaces the 12 year-old Doha Securities Market.
November 2009 The Qatari government announces plans to dramatically lower tax rates for foreign companies from 35% to 10% in a bid to increase foreign investment.